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Adjara

 

Area - 2.9 thousand square kilometers
Population - 340 000 people
The administrative center is the city - municipality of Batumi (155 thousand people)
Landscape - mostly mountainous
Coastal climate is humid subtropical

Adjara is one of the most beautiful regions of Georgia! While staying here, you will get several pleasures at once - relaxing on the sunny beach and enjoying mountain activities such as climbing to a height of 2000 m above sea level, swimming in crystal clear mountain lakes and getting acquainted with the culture and traditions of mountain dwellers. Adjara will surprise you with a variety of landscapes and vegetation, a neighborhood of sea and mountains, subtropical forests and alpine meadows, hot seaside and cool mountain canyons, unique cuisine and folklore, and of course a true Georgian hospitality!

The ancient history of Adjara is a culture of the Colchis (8-6 century BC). The cities of Pichvnari, Apsaros and Batumi played a key role in the political and economic life of the Colchian kingdom. The toponymy of the region still retains some traces of antiquity. The presence of the Romans and Byzantines, as well as the Ottoman conquests and the period of the Russian empire, also had a great influence on the history of Adjara. And the main city and port of Adjara - Batumi, became the center of major international commerce and a key transit choke point for the transit of Caspian oil to Europe from the end of the 19th century!

Due to its landscape, climate and many other factors, Adjara combines diverse tourism types: sea and mountain, rural and wine, business and gaming, culinary and cultural-historical tourism! Over 1 000 000 foreign tourists visit the region annually. You can visit Adjara using air traffic, motor transport, by rail and by sea.

Location
Adjara is a mountainous region located on the Adjara-Imeretian, Arsian and Shavsheti mountain ranges which cover most of the territory and have an average height of 2-2.5 thousand meters above sea level. In the south it borders with Turkey, from the west and north-west it is washed by the Black Sea. The territory of Adjara is divided into two parts - seaside and upland according to the environmental conditions. The climate is also divided into dry mountain and humid subtropical. In the coastal part, the average January temperature is +6.5 degrees Celsius, August +24.5 degrees Celsius. The average temperatures in the mountainous Ajara are +1 degrees Celsius in January and +19 degrees Celsius in July. Batumi is characterized by a snowless winter and a moderately hot summer, while in mountainous Ajara, winter lasts about 5 months.

Nature of Adjara
Flora and fauna of Adjara are very rich. Adjara is covered with Colchian forests that preserve relict endemic tree species and flowers, as well as rare species of fauna (more than 40 of them are listed in the Red Book of Georgia). A part of the territory of the region (13%) includes National parks and protected areas, each of which has its own ecological diversity.  These are the Mtirala National Park (about 16 thousand hectares) and the Machakhela National Park (about 8 thousand hectares), as well as the Kintrishi protected areas, the Ispani peatlands, Alpine Botanical Garden and the Batumi Botanical Garden, which is more than 100 years old!

There are many rivers (Chorokhi, Adjaritskali, Chakvistskali, Machakhela, Kintrishi, etc., which belong to the Black Sea basin) and mineral wells (Kokotauri, Gundauri, Kemisi, Khikhani etc.) in Adjara. The region also has non-ferrous metal deposits.

Waterfalls scattered around Adjara are also of great interest to the tourists. They can be seen in the villages of Makhunceti, Merisi, Gobroneti, Kveda Chkhutuneti, Mirveti, Bako, Chvana gorge, etc.

Mountains of Adjara are breathtakingly beautiful. They cover a large part of the region. The villages of Ajara spread out over the entire mountainous area from small hills to high mountain ranges over 2000 above sea level. Higher in the alpine zone, the Goderdzi ski resort and the unique Alpine Botanical Garden are located. There are various walking routes and roads for jeep tours and horse riding all over the highlands of Adjara.

Culture
Adjara and its center, Batumi, stand at the crossroads of cultures by virtue of its history. You can see that in the national and confessional composition of the local population. The culture of the region is tied to the history and culture of the rest of Georgia and features its local peculiarities. For example, the Adjarian national costume, Chokha, can be easily distincted. The Adjarian song has preserved unique national motifs! Until now, the songs are accompanied by ancient musical instruments, such as panduri (string), salamuri (flute), and chiponi (bagpipes) playing traditional Georgian polyphony. All these tunes can be heard on traditional Adjarian holidays like Shuamtoba, Merisoba, Machakhloba, Tbeloba, Kedeloba, Kolkhoba, Maretoba, etc. You can also see the most popular Adjarian dances Acharuli and Khorumi.

A large number of unique stone arched bridges built in the period from the 6th to the 19th centuries have preserved in Adjara. However, the most famous are the bridges of Queen Tamara dated by the 12th century. You can see them in the villages of Tskhemlara, Makhuntseti, Dandalo. Kintrishi gorge (Kobalauri and Tsemvana bridges) and the Chvana gorge (wooden Khabelashvili bridge) can be visited too. Among these bridges, the Dandalo (Keda) bridge, which is considered a model for the construction of arched bridges, as well as the 19th century Khabelashvili wooden bridge, are particularly noteworthy.

The Gonio-Apsaros fortress (1st century AD) is a beautiful monument of mixed cultures, which include the local Colchian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman. That’s a popular tourist site. Tens of thousands of tourists from different countries arrive here yearly.

Another old 6th-century fortress is Petra. Its remains are located in the town of Tsikhisdziri. The place attracts with amazing seascapes and the history of the Iranian-Byzantine confrontation.

The Khikhani Fortress (12th century) that once belonged to eristavi Abuseridze is on the highest peak of the mountains. You can look down at the clouds from there! There are many other fortresses of different periods.

Batumi is full of cultural attractions. Its Old Town and Batumi boulevard attract the major attention. There are highlights for connoisseurs of modern architecture. Guests can enjoy a variety of modern architectural buildings of the 21st century. The history of Batumi is a story about a small town turning into a large trade hub in the Caucasus of the late 19th century, about the longtime neighborhood of different nationalities and faiths, as well as about a lush cultural life. There are religious buildings of all major religions in Batumi. These are Orthodox and Catholic churches, a mosque, an Armenian Apostolic church, and a synagogue. You will be surprised by the elaborate building of the Batumi Drama Theater and the Batumi Music Center.

Today Batumi is a famous and popular Black Sea resort, and one of the most important tourist centers of modern Georgia. Every year, various international events, festivals, concerts, exhibitions, etc. are held here.


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